Code-SharingRechtliche Betrachtung einer Kooperationsform im LuftverkehrTaschenbuchvon Thomas GöttingEAN: 9783631395585Einband: Kartoniert / BroschiertSprache: DeutschSeiten: 238Maße: 211 x 149 x 17 mmAutor: Thomas GöttingRecht; Deutschland
Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 2,0, University of Göttingen (Professur für Empirische Außenwirtschaft), course: International Financial Markets, language: English, abstract: In this paper, potential of international risk sharing for emerging markets will be investigated, particularly in terms of financial integration and liberalization. The incentives of financial integration will be surveyed in terms of international risk sharing, indicate benefits for emerging market economies. In addition, it will be investigated if huge foreign capital inflows show positive effects of risk sharing for them. Several government leaders all over the world recognize the potential of financial globalization for their country. A strong incentive for deeper financial linking can be observed. Three of the development countries in Africa already grew up to the so called emerging markets: Egypt, Morocco and South Africa. To keep up with the fast growing population and facilitating the economic growth, they want to stimulate employments for agriculture and infrastructure by investment partnerships with the G20, whereas Donald Trump, the President of the USA, would like to cut funding World Bank programs like credit guarantees or small business access to finance for these countries. Indeed, these development countries, also including emerging markets, need to implement more structural changes like liberalizing financial markets and financial transparency for these intentions. Is international risk sharing able to smooth uncertainties in the emerging markets? Will they catch up the distance to industrial countries? In light of ongoing financial integration and economic development, the influence of international risk sharing in terms of financial globalization for emerging markets will be investigated. Just little evidence of risk sharing can be seen throughout the last decades, but still some persuasive inquiries are to be considered. Improvements in international risk sharing potentially lead to stabilizing effects, scarcer sudden stops and smaller risk premiums. Structural policy changes and better financial integration could surmount the threshold effect.
This volume focuses on the responsibilities of online service providers (OSPs) in contemporary societies. It examines the complexity and global dimensions of the rapidly evolving and serious challenges posed by the exponential development of Internet services and resources. It looks at the major actors - such as Facebook, Google, Twitter, and Yahoo! - and their significant influence on the informational environment and users interactions within it, as well as the responsibilities and liabilities such influence entails. It discusses the position of OSPs as information gatekeepers and how they have gone from offering connecting and information-sharing services to paying members to providing open, free infrastructure and applications that facilitate digital expression and the communication of information. The book seeks consensus on the principles that should shape OSPs responsibilities and practices, taking into account business ethics and policies. Finally, it discusses the rights of users and international regulations that are in place or currently lacking. Mariarosaria Taddeo is Researcher at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, Faculty Fellow at the Alan Turing Institute, and Junior Research Fellow at St Cross College, University of Oxford. Her area of expertise is Information and Computer Ethics, although she has worked on issues concerning Philosophy of Information, Epistemology, and Philosophy of AI. She published articles focusing on online trust, cyber security, and cyber warfare and guest-edited a number of special issues of peer-reviewed international journals. She also edited (with Luciano Floridi) a volume on The Ethics of Information Warfare (Springer, 2014) and is currently writing a book on The Ethics of Cyber Conflicts under contract for Routledge. Dr. Taddeo is the 2010 recipient of the Simon Award for Outstanding Research in Computing and Philosophy and of the 2013 World Technology Award for Ethics. She serves as editor-in-chief of Minds & Machines and in the executive editorial board of Philosophy & Technology . Luciano Floridi is Professor of Philosophy and Ethics of Information at the University of Oxford and Director of Research of the Oxford Internet Institute. His most recent book is The Fourth Revolution - How the infosphere is reshaping human reality (2014 and 2016). He is a member of the EUs Ethics Advisory Group on Ethical Dimensions of Data Protection, of Google Advisory Board on the right to be forgotten, and Chairman of the Ethics Advisory Board of the European Medical Information Framework. Among his recognitions, he has been elected Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow by the European University Institute; awarded the Cátedras de Excelencia Prize by the University Carlos III of Madrid, was the UNESCO Chair in Information and Computer Ethics, and Gauss Professor of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen. He is a recipient of the MEAs J. Ong Award, the APAs Barwise Prize, the IACAPs Covey Award, and the INSEITs Weizenbaum Award. He is a Fellow of the AISB, the BCS, and the Académie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences.