Knowledge Sharing among Scientists:Why Reputation Matters for R&D in Multinational Firms P. Ensign
Knowledge Sharing among Scientists:Why Reputation Matters for R&D in Multinational Firms. 1st ed. 2009 Prescott C. Ensign, Melissa M. Appleyard
Explores the relationship between social characteristics of scientists and the interpersonal sharing of technological knowledge. The findings illuminate attributes of reputation conducive to the voluntary transfer of timely, relevant, technological knowledge among individual R&D scientists in the same multidivisional, multinational firm.
This book advises and supports novice researchers in taking their first steps into the world of scientific research. Through practical tips and tricks presented in a clear, concise and step-wise manner, the book describes the entire research process from idea to publication. It also gives the reader insight into the vast opportunities a research career can provide. The books target demographic is aspiring researchers within the biomedical professions, be it medical students, young doctors, nurses, engineers, physiotherapists etc. The book will help aspirational inexperienced researchers turn their intentions into actions, providing crucial guidance for successful entry into the field of biomedical research. Peter Agger MD PhD is an assistant professor pursuing a senior research career within congenital heart disease. In parallel he is in clinical training to become a paediatrician. He is co-author on numerous peer reviewed papers and he is an experienced teacher and supervisor for young researchers and medical doctors. Robert S. Stephenson BSc PhD is a Marie Sk?odowska-Curie fellow and a full time researcher within the field of functional cardiac anatomy. He has published several peer reviewed papers including ground-breaking work on the cardiac conduction system. He has been affiliated with several universities across the globe and is an experienced teacher. J. Michael Hasenkam MD DMSc is a professor of experimental cardiac surgery and has been a full-time researcher for 25 years. He has published more than 250 peer reviewed papers and contributed to 3 books and has extensive experience in teaching and supervising young researchers. For three years he was the vice-dean of the Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, focusing on sharing of knowledge including collaborations between the university and the private sector.
To go through the pages of the Autobiography of Mario Bunge is to accompany him through dozens of countries and examine the intellectual, political, philosophical and scientific spheres of the last hundred years. It is an experience that oscillates between two different worlds: the different and the similar, the professional and the personal. It is an established fact that one of his great loves was, and still is, science. He has always been dedicated to scientific work, teaching, research, and training men and women in multiple disciplines. Life lessons fall like ripe fruit from this book, bringing us closer to a concept, a philosophical idea, a scientific digression, which had since been uncovered in numerous notes, articles or books. Bunge writes about the life experiences in this book with passion, naturalness and with a colloquial frankness, whether they be persecutions, banishment, imprisonment, successes, would-be losses, emotions, relationships, debates, impressions or opinions about people or things. In his pages we pass by the people with whom he shared a fruitful century of achievements and incredible depths of thought. Everything is remembered with sincerity and humor. This autobiography is, in truth, Bunge on Bunge, sharing everything that passes through the sieve of his memory, as he would say. Marios many grandchildren are a testament to his proud standing as a family man, and at the age of 96 he gives us a book for everyone: for those who value the memories that hold the trauma of his life as well as for those who share his passion for science and culture. Also, perhaps, for some with whom he has had disagreements or controversy, for he still deserves recognition for being a staunch defender of his convictions. Mario Bunge is a renowned and celebrated academic and philosopher. He is originally from Argentina, but has been active in Canada since the mid 1960s. At 95 years of age, he has a PhD in physico-mathematical sciences,, sixteen honorary doctorates and four honorary professorships. His current researches revolves around philosophy of the social sciences, philosophy of mind, and metaphysics.
This book explores the opportunities and challenges of the sharing economy and innovative transportation technologies with regard to urban mobility. Written by government experts, social scientists, technologists and city planners from North America, Europe and Australia, the papers in this book address the impacts of demographic, societal and economic trends and the fundamental changes arising from the increasing automation and connectivity of vehicles, smart communication technologies, multimodal transit services, and urban design. The book is based on the Disrupting Mobility Summit held in Cambridge, MA (USA) in November 2015, organized by the City Science Initiative at MIT Media Lab, the Transportation Sustainability Research Center at the University of California at Berkeley, the LSE Cities at the London School of Economics and Politics and the Innovation Center for Mobility and Societal Change in Berlin.
This book discusses the use of the spectrum sharing techniques in cognitive radio technology, in order to address the problem of spectrum scarcity for future wireless communications. The authors describe a cognitive radio medium access control (MAC) protocol, with which throughput maximization has been achieved. The discussion also includes use of this MAC protocol for imperfect sensing scenarios and its effect on the performance of cognitive radio systems. The authors also discuss how energy efficiency has been maximized in this system, by applying a simple algorithm for optimizing the transmit power of the cognitive user. The study about the channel fading in the cognitive user and licensed user and power adaption policy in this scenario under peak transmit power and interference power constraint is also present in this book. Shweta Pandit has received B. Tech. (Honours) degree from Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, India in 2010. She also received M. Tech. and Ph D degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering from the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Solan, India in 2012 and 2015, respectively. Currently, she is working as Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Solan, India. Her area of research interests is next generation communication system, cognitive radio, wireless network, and capacity enhancement and interference reduction in wireless channel. Professor G. Singh received PhD degree in Electronics Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, in 2000. He was associated with Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani, and Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, India, respectively, where he was Research Scientist. He had also worked as an Assistant Professor at Electronics and Communication Engineering Department, Nirma University of Science and Technology, Ahmedabad, India. He was a Visiting Researcher at the Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea. At present, he is Professor with the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Wakanaghat, Solan, India. He is an author/co-author of more than 200 scientific papers of the refereed Journal and International Conferences. His research and teaching interests include RF/Microwave Engineering, Millimeter/THz Wave Antennas and its Applications in Communication and Imaging, Next Generation Communication Systems (OFDM and Cognitive Radio), and Nanophotonics. He has more than 14 years of teaching and research experience in the area of Electromagnetic/Microwave Engineering, Wireless Communication and Nanophotonics. He has supervised various Ph. D. and M. Tech. theses. He has worked as a reviewer for several reputed Journals and Conferences. He is author of two books Terahertz Planar Antennas for Next Generation Communication and MOSFET Technologies for Double-Pole Four-Throw Radio-Frequency Switch published by Springer.
This book brings together contributions from experts in water management, scientists, researchers, academics and lecturers, sharing experiences and successes in this field. It is devoted to a wide range of water resources management issues, including water quality to water quantity, considering all impacts of water issues in the environment. The book presents international approaches to the latest developments in both the fundamental bases and the applicability of state-of-the-art knowledge that can be effectively used for solving a variety of large problems in integrated water resources management. The main focus of the book is on water pollution - physical, chemical, biological, and geographical pollution, hydrology problems, and limnology tasks.
This volume contains the papers from BIOWIRE 2007, the first in a series of wo- shops on the bio-inspired design of networks, and additional papers contributed from the research area of bio-inspired computing and communication. The workshop took place at the University of Cambridge during April 2-5, 2007 with sponsorship from the US/UK International Technology Alliance in Network and Information Sciences. Its objective was to present, discuss and explore the recent developments in the field of bio-inspired design of networks, with particular regard to wireless networks and the self-organizing properties of biological networks. The workshop was organized by Jon Crowcroft (University of Cambridge), Don Towsley (University of Massachusetts), Dinesh Verma (IBM T. J. Watson Research Center), Vasilis Pappas (IBM T. J. Watson Research Center), Ananthram Swami (ARL), Tom McCutcheon (DSTL) and Pietro Liò (University of Cambridge). The program for BIOWIRE 2007 included 54 speakers covering a diverse range of topics, categorized as follows: 1. Self-organized communication networks in insects 2. Neuronal communications 3. Bio-computing 4. Epidemiology 5. Network theory 6. Wireless and sensorial networks 7. Brain: models of sensorial integration The BIOWIRE workshop focuses on achieving a common ground for knowledge sharing among scientists with expertise in investigating the application domain (e. g. , biological, wireless, data communication and transportation networks) and scientists with relevant expertise in the methodology domain (e. g. , mathematics and statistical physics of networks).
Why are some conflicts managed better than others? Social scientists have used various disciplinary lenses to answer this question but until now, public administration has not been used to understand how conflict is managed. This book explores the everyday management of conflict in two cases of power-sharing from the view of elite level bureaucrats